- Fergus Nicol, Hom Rijal, Michael Humphreys (Brookes)
- Joe Clarke, Paul Tuohy, Aiziz Samuel (Strathclyde University)
- total grant value: £142,000
- time duration: 30 months
To help account for the effect of occupants on the comfort and energy use of occupied buildings
Using existing knowledge from previous field surveys of comfort and control use in offices to develop a temperature-based algorithm for the use of windows, fans and doors for use in the simulation of occupied, naturally-ventilated buildings.
Algorithms have been developed and integrated into the esp-r simulation environment. These are already forming the basis for simulations in a wide variety of applications and may be implemented in other simulation tools.
- Rijal, H, Tuohy, P, Humphreys, M.A. Nicol, F., Samuel, A. and Clarke, J. (2007), 'Using results from field surveys to predict the effect of open windows on thermal comfort and energy use in buildings', Energy and Buildings 39 (7) 823-836
- Rijal H.B., Tuohy P., Humphreys M.A., Nicol F., Samuel A. and Clarke J. (2007), 'Development of an adaptive window opening algorithm to predict the thermal comfort, energy use and over heating in buildings', Journal of Building Performance Simulation 1 (1), 1-14.
- Rijal, H, Tuohy, P, Humphreys, M.A. Nicol, F., Samuel, A. Raja, I A. and Clarke, J. (2008), 'Development of Adaptive Algorithms for the Operation of Windows, Fans and Doors to Predict Thermal Comfort and Energy Use in Pakistani Buildings', ASHRAE Transactions 114 (2)
- Tuohy, P, Humphreys, M.A. Nicol, F, Rijal, H and Clarke, J. (2009), 'Occupant behaviour in naturally ventilated and hybrid buildings', ASHRAE conference winter 2009 (in press)
- Rijal, H.B., Humphreys, M.A. and Nicol J.F (2009), 'How do the occupants control the temperature in mixed-mode buildings?' Building Research and information (in press)
- Clarke, J.A., Macdonald, I.A. and Nicol, J.F. (2006), 'Predicting adaptive responses - simulating occupied environments', Proceedings of the fourth Windsor conference Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings: Getting it right, 27th - 30th April 2006 Publ. London: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings: http://nceub.org.uk
- Rijal, H, Humphreys, M.A. Nicol, F., and Raja, I. (2007), 'Use of windows, fans and doors to control the indoor environment in Pakistan: developing a behavioural model for use in thermal simulations' ESDEV conference Abbottabad, Pakistan
- Tuohy, P., Rijal, H.B., Humphreys, M.A., Nicol, J.F., Samuel, A. and Clarke, J.(2007), 'Modelling occupant comfort driven adaptive window opening behaviour and the influence of building design', Proceedings Building Simulation Conference BS2007 Beijing
- Rijal, H, Tuohy, P, Humphreys, M.A. Nicol, F., Samuel, A. and Clarke, J. (2007) 'A window opening algorithm and UK office temperature: Field results and thermal simulation', Proceedings Building Simulation Conference BS2007 Beijing
- Nicol, F, Rijal, H, Humphreys, MA and Tuohy, P (2007), 'Characterising the use of windows in thermal simulation', Proceedings of conference Palenc 2007 AIVC Crete
- H.B. Rijal, HB, Humphreys, MA and Nicol, JF (2008), 'How do the occupants control the temperature in mixed-mode buildings? Predicting the use of passive and active controls.' Proceedings of Conference: Air Conditioning and the Low Carbon Cooling Challenge, Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, UK, 27-29 July 2008. London: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings, http://nceub.org.uk.
- Humphreys, MA, Rijal, HB and Nicol JF (2008), 'Modelling Window Opening and the use of other building controls', 29th AIVC Conference, Kyoto, Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre
- Rijal, HB, Humphreys, MA and Nicol JF (2008), 'Developing of behavioural algorithms for thermal simulation of buildings, evaluating constraints on the operation of windows and fans', 29th AIVC Conference, Kyoto, Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre