Part of EC research programme: Minimisation of and Adaptation to Climate Impacts on Biodiversity
European Commission – DG Research (STREP)
Total grant value: Euro 100,000 (total MACIS programme: Euro 1.2 million)
Time duration: 2006-2008
The MACIS team of 12 research establishments (in EU & S Africa, led by the Helmholtz Association, UFZ-Halle) set out to assess the potential impacts of climate change and of proposed climate change adaptation and mitigation measures on biodiversity, and to assess available options to prevent and minimize negative impacts.
The overall MACIS programme combined a review of available research evidence of shifts in habitats and species with climate change, plus modelling of potential future change to identify needs for action. OISD/OBU, responsible for WP4, examined policy options to achieve desired outcomes – the protection of biodiversity from the impacts of climate change plus other pressures. OISD/OBU reviewed policy, consulted with stakeholders (including Commission staff, NGOs and others) and made appropriate recommendations.
In view of the likely impacts upon biodiversity shown by the modelling work, an array of policy options and instruments must be used to protect and enhance biodiversity in the EU (and beyond). These options group together instruments including regulation, market-based instruments, insurance, research and development, and the promotion of "soft" options such as guidance and codes, together with the promotion of collective action. Further research will be needed to integrate policy across sectors to meet an enhanced EU ambition for biodiversity protection/enhancement.
Kühn I., Nigmann U., et al. inc. Piper J. and Wilson E. (2008) MACIS: Minimisation of and Adaptation to Climate change Impacts on biodiversity. Gaia 17 (4) pp. 393-395.
Paterson J. S., Araújo M. B., Berry P. M., Piper J. M., and Rounsevell M. (2008) Mitigation, adaptation and the threat to biodiversity. Conservation Biology. 22 (5) pp. 1352-1355.
Piper J. and Wilson E. (2008) Policy Options For Biodiversity Under Climate Change. Available at: www.macis-project.net/publications (from 2009)
Wilson E. and Piper J. (2008) Spatial planning for biodiversity in Europe's changing climate, European Environment 18 (3) pp. 135-151.
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